Located in Oxfordshire county is the world-famous city of Oxford. Popular for its University of Oxford established in the 11th century, the city has spread the fame of England to all corners of the world since medieval times. Besides the 900-year-old University of Oxford, the city is home to some of the oldest towers, colleges, cathedrals, streets, and art museums. Also, the city is one of the most-visited destinations in the UK that has the finest restaurants, resorts, and recreational facilities in the world. For most of the year, the city enjoys maritime temperate weather except for a few months in winter. Described below are a few major landmarks in the city that attracts thousands of visitors throughout the year.
Pitt Rivers Museum
Established in 1884, the Pitt Rivers Museum is located near the Oxford University Museum of Natural History. It is one of the oldest museums in England visited by over 500,000 tourists every year. Located on Parks Road, the museum is accessible only through the adjoining Museum of Natural History where you can see an amazing display of dinosaur fossils. The Pitt Rivers Museum has a vast collection of archaeological exhibits collected from different corners of the earth. It also displays numerous anthropological artifacts like statues, paintings, and figures. Some of the notable displays in this section include the Haida totem pole, the shrunken heads, skulls, and ancient boats.
Oxford Castle and Prison
If you are interested in the history of this fascinating city, you should visit the Oxford Castle and Prison. The 1000-year old stone castle has a prison that has housed many prisoners during the 18th and 19th centuries. As per historians the prison even held children as prisoners and subjected them to hard labor. The historic facts and tales related to the castle and the prison are quite fascinating and tourists thoroughly enjoy the guided tours offered here. Another spot in the castle that offers an amazing view of the city is the famous St George’s Tower. The tower building that was built during the Saxon times is older than the castle. Attached to the tower building is a crypt alongside a chapel that looks magnificent with its ancient pillars and stone arches.
Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology located on Beaumont Street is the oldest university museum in the world. The museum was originally built in the 1670s and later the present structure was constructed during the 1840s. The 337-year-old museum has lots of artworks from medieval times. The most popular exhibits include drawings by Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael. Modern paintings include works by world-renowned artists such as Pablo Picasso, Peter Paul Rubens, William Hunt, John Constable, and Edward Jones. Other famous exhibits of historic value are the Alfred Jewel, the Parian Marble, and Oliver Cromwell’s death mask. The museum also has some rare Egyptian artifacts such as the Statue of Sobek that depicts the mythological crocodile god and was recovered from the Amenemhat III temple pyramid. Another Egyptian attraction is the Narmer Macehead which was discovered at the site of the ancient city of Nekhen.